Question 18: The Messiah is described as being the ruler and judge who will reside in Jerusalem. Which word in Ezekiel 48:35 and Isaiah 33:21-22 lets me know it is the Son?

Ezekiel 48:35 says:

35 The circumference of the city shall be 18,000 cubits. And the name of the city from that time on shall be, The Lord Is There.” (Ez. 48:35; ESV)

Ezekiel 48:35 says:

22 But there the Lord in majesty will be for us a place of broad rivers and streams, where no galley with oars can go, nor majestic ship can pass.23 For the Lord is our judge; the Lord is our lawgiver;   the Lord is our king; he will save us. (Is. 33:21-22; ESV)

Answer:  The promise of the Davidic Covenant is that it will be Messiah, the Son of David, who will rule over a saved Israel and the nations in the messianic kingdom. This is found, for example, in Isaiah 9:6-7 and Jeremiah 23:5-6, among many other passages. Therefore, verses such as Isaiah 33:21-22 and Ezekiel 48:35 need to be understood from those other passages that clearly identify which member of the Trinity is actually ruling in Jerusalem.

As to Ezekiel 48:30-35, we note: Since the Messianic God-Man will personally reign from Jerusalem, the city will not only fulfill its name (“city of peace”), but also Jehovah Shammah (“Jehovah is there”). See The Footsteps of the Messiah: A Study of the Sequence of Prophetic Events, p. 467.

As to Isaiah 33:20-24, we note: Quietness and security will characterize Jerusalem in that day (v. 20), for Jehovah in the Person of the Messiah will dwell in this city (v. 21a). See The Footsteps of the Messiah: A Study of the Sequence of Prophetic Events, p. 472.

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Arnold Answers is a bi-weekly Q & A with founder and director of Ariel Ministries, Dr. Arnold G. Fruchtenbaum.